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Fiber optic communication is the ideal choice for the transmission of data. It is used to send out video, voice, telemetry, and data from local areas to long-distance networks. By using light-wave technology, the system transmits data by converting the electronic signals into light. Some exceptional features have made this system of communication the most important building block in the system of Telecommunication infrastructure. They include big bandwidth, minor diameter, long-distance signal transmission, lightweight, transmission security, low attenuation, and so on.


In modern industries, this system of communication is used in two ways: communication in telecommunications and communication in information networks. The former uses the information which is circulated in the form of voice calls or phone calls. Information technology, in reality, makes use of similar technology as the fiber optic cable system. The networking industries like telephone companies use a fiber optic communication system for high-speed data transmission over a long distance.


This form of communication, given its security and encryption, provides maximum safety as a great deal of heat is sent through the fiber optic. This process prevents exterior interference that might damage delicate fibers. This system of protection is called “immunity” and the cable used for this purpose is called immunity fiber cable technology.


The accessories like connectors, switches, couplers, multiplexing devices, amplifiers, and splices are also essential elements in the system of fiber optic communication.

With the development of fiber optic communication, the application of laser technology is becoming popular as well. Laser industries where the laser is used as primary communications are transforming laser signals over long distances. There are lots of industries that use laser technology to get maximum advantages: defense sector, medical science, astronomy, and engineering are among them. The technology uses fiber optic communication together with a unique laser transmitted through the medium of an optical channel.


When laser communication is used, the emanating light becomes very strong. However, the downside of the laser communication used in Laser industries is that the laser emitted in the form of photons can reflect and refract. This suggests the possibility of sending out the parallel signals through multiple mediums at separate frequencies. Because of this, a laser is, most of the time, connected to other kinds of technologies like optoelectronics, fiber optics, and waveguides amplify the possibility of a signal of light transfer.


In the field of communication also, Fiber optic cables prove to be very useful. They work to transfer data from one point to another. Of the two divisions of telecommunication are optical fibers and electrical fibers; optical is smaller, which has made it perfect for data transmission performance. While the electrical fibers, which are longer and thicker, are suitable for high-speed data transfer.


To sum up, there are 3 major elements of a fiber optic communication structure. They are Compact Light Source, Low loss Optical Fiber, and Photo Detector. The accessories needed for successful communication are Switches, Connectors, Amplifiers, Splices, Couplers Amplifiers, etc.